The Linguistic Pitfall for Konstantierungen (or Schlick’s Foundation of Belief) as Language of Thought or Natural Language Sentences

Carolina Mahler


One of the leading figures of Logical Positivism, Moritz Schlick, wrote a well-known article “On the Foundations of Knowledge”, edited in English by Sir Alfred Ayer in 1959, in which he proposes Konstantierungen, also known as affirmations or confirmations in English, to play the part of the much sought-after indubitable and incorrigible foundation of personal belief. In the present article I will oppose this view via the perspective of confirmations in their linguistic nature, a trait that renders Konstatierungen untenable both as sentences in Language of Thought (Fodor, 1975) – where it is thought that is linguistic, and natural language is but a means for expressing it-, and as occurring in natural languages due to the obligatory phenomenon of grammatical evidentiality in many world languages.

Texto completo:



Barnes, J. (1984). Evidentials in the Tuyuca Verb. International Journal of American Linguistics 50, 255-271.

Carnap, R. (1932). Über Protokollsätze. Erkenntnis 3 (1), 215-228. DOI: 10.1007/BF01886421.

Davidson, D. (2001). Subjective, Intersubjective, Objective. Oxford: Claredon Press.

Fodor, J. (1975). The Language of Thought. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company.

Gomila, A. (2012). Verbal Minds: Language and the Architecture of Cognition. Londres: Elsevier.

Hardman, M.J. (1986). Data-source marking in the Jaqi Languages. In Chafe, Wallace & Johanna Nichols (eds.), Evidentiality: The Linguistic Coding of Epistemology (pp. 113-136). Norwood, New Jersey: Ablex.

Hopper, P. & Elizabeth Closs Traugott, E. (2008). Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Klose, C. (2012). Non-evidentiality in Aymara. The Nature of Evidentiality, handout. Universiteit Leiden, The Netherlands.

Schlick, M. (1959). The Foundation of Knowledge. In Ayer, A. J. (Ed.), Logical Positivism. New York: The Free Press.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Universidad de la Serena. Departamento de Artes y Letras. Facultad de Humanidades. Avenida Raúl Bitrán 1305. Campus Andrés Bello. Colina el Pino. La Serena. CHILE.